Again, I’m undecided on who to vote. but I’ve been getting a lot of comments arguing why my valuing of human life and principles is wrong, is “being silent to injustice”, or isn’t biblical By quoting Romans 13. I have no idea why the idea of valuing life and freedom is so offensive – particularly to Christians. That’s the part that blows my mind.
Here’s my response to anyone who uses Romans 13 to vote:
“I actually agree with Romans 13. I agree with it so much that I take it seriously. I completely agree with these verses. Thats why it’s important to understand what “authority” and “higher power” means in these verses.
For a Republic, that higher power or authority is given its power legitimately through the agreement of the people, and that higher power and authority must abide by the principles of the agreement of the people, which is the constitution. These principles are what distinguish between justice and murder, defense and violence, and they give us a “due process”, that no one man or one group can claim the verses you’re claiming, and skew them for unjust reasons, then make the excuse that the “ends justifies the means”, when the non-guilty are punished along with the guilty.
The laws of the land determine what is good. The principles of the Bible you used determine what is moral. So I agree with you. That’s the role of the government. So using the principles you just shared, being true to them means you will be voting someone who will honor the laws of the land, the laws that make any official a legitmate authority, by enforcing them in a way that is “good” (just) for he is a minister of “good” (justice) after all. And if he commits injustice to provide justice, just like any of the evil you mentioned above, he also breaks what is “good” and so joins the ranks of that which he is supposed to be fighting.
So we must vote someone who will enforce “good” without becoming “bad, for if he does “bad” for the sake of “good”, then I have empowered “bad”. The verse says what happens to people who “resisteth”, they are damned. I think more people should understand that verse deeply. It’s a great place to draw principles from for the elections. But understand the verse, and don’t take this verse or any verse in isolation and say, ‘this is the truth!’ This causes us to use them to defend our strongly held beliefs instead of allowing the verses to inform and refine our beliefs. I think that’s irresponsible theology, even if it comes from a “Christian leader”, which I am not. And I will be very scared to use verses so simple-mindedly, not just for the injustice this may cause, but that they may displease the One whose words I misconstrue for my own ideas.”
It Was the Best of Times. It Was the Worst of Times.
Many times, competitions, like the elections, especially the elections which affects us so broadly and deeply, bring out the worst in us. Because of our goal to win, we start seeing things as either being for us or against us. So any post, comment, video, news article, etc that seems to agree with us, we automatically celebrate and share, without any thought to its validity, accuracy, and message. What if what resonated with us so well is actually untrue? And any post, comment, video, news article, etc, that seems to NOT agree with us we attack, without any thought to its validity, accuracy, and message. What if what they had to say actually makes a strong point? Should we miss the chance to learn something new, to see a different perspective, to be more informed simply because it wasn’t our initial position?
Is it wrong to think through an opposing viewpoint? Nope. Is it bad to do so? Nope. That’s how learning happens. Let me give a simple example, I see a kettle, I think it isn’t hot, I touch it, it hurts, then I learn it is hot. My fingers coming into contact with the heat of the kettle has informed my mind that my initial thought that the kettle wasn’t hot, is untrue, and that I shouldn’t touch it. This is a good thing of course. This ability protects us. Now if I were to get angry, “Why did that kettle burn me??? That kettle shouldn’t be hot! I should be able to touch it!” we stress over something we can just learn from. Or if I am in denial, “That kettle wasn’t hot! My fingers are wrong for feeling pain!” then we miss a simple chance to learn.
The point is this: We learn many times through having an assumption, testing it against proven standards, and checking whether our assumptions were right. It’s that simple. So don’t be so quick to react to another view point. Test it.
There’s a great quote by Aristotle, “It’s the mark of an educated man to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.” This means, the ability to consider concepts and ideas without jumping to conclusions about it, the ability to test it separate from how we feel or what others think, is the mark of someone who has more developed mental abilities. I think this skill is incredibly important in a Democracy because there will be swirling view points that may or may not agree with us, and we need to be intelligent enough to consider them, test them, and respond in a way that is inline with what we value.
Or else we will just keep reacting, even if our reaction is irrelevant to the thing we’re reacting to.
For example, I’ve been posting on the elections with mainly these 4 themes:
When you look at the 4 themes, not one of them promotes a certain candidate, not one of them goes into specific issues of candidates, not one of them uplifts one interest group over another, but instead encourages people to be active, to be principled, and to value human life.
Which is why I’m so surprised that there are people who are bothered or offended by my posts. Why would the idea of participating in Democarcy in a principled way that values human life make anyone uncomfortable?
I can only think of a few reasons:
Which leads me to ask, “Reacting to what? Defending what?” To my advice to be active in the political process in a principled way that values human life? My guess is no. My guess is they’re reacting to the idea, because to approach things in a principled way, and to value human life most, challenges what they’ve been believing so far, so they’re now trying to defend a position that was indirectly shaken by my suggestion. If a position is so easily shaken by an indirect hit, that it causes us to go defensive mode, even when no one is attacking our position, then the foundation of that position is weak, and if that happened to me, and it does happen to me, I’ve found the wisest response is to humbly test my preconceived ideas and learn from the whole process, either strengthening my original belief or finding a deeper truth, either way I become better, not because I’m good at espousing ideas, but because I continually learn.
What Matters Most…
Many times, in my life, I’ve found that circumstances can be overwhelming. And it’s during these periods of high tension, high drama, and highs takes, that the ability to “order our loves” or to prioritize what is MOST important over what is less important among a range of important things. After I write this article, I have scheduled my day to spend time with Yasmin, get high impact work done, workout, update the wedding budget, and read and pray. These are the priorities of today. But should along the way, as I go about my business, I find a man in great need of a Good Samaritan, I must have the ability to order my loves, the ability to set aside what is important for something MORE important, and then go through my hierarchy again. I find this very difficult because many times it’s easier to work on less important things, and the important things are many times more challenging, require more maturity, more time, more study, more adversity. But I need to prioritize because if I don’t important things will suffer.
For me, regarding these elections, the MOST important thing, is what is MOST important in everything: It’s to please God through this. And God looks at my heart. Ultimately, He won’t’ hold me accountable for whether who I voted won. He will ask, “Did you love me and love others with the way you approached this election? Did you love me by using my Word to inform your choice? Or did you love yourself by using your choice to interpret my Word? Did you love others, as defined as life-laying love, because I seek ALL men to come to me, with the way you participated? Or did you seek your own agenda, the assuage of your own fears, and the achievement of your dreams over the legitimacy of the principles of your constitution, the document which defines your governing authority, which I told you to honor?
Because ultimately, more than who wins, what is more important, is who we become as a nation, and who we individually become through this exercise. This is why the themes of my posts are not partisan. They’re small efforts to do my part to fulfill a hope that someday we will become a nation that is active in community, that values every human life, not just our own happiness, that appreciate and cultivate our freedom, that make decisions on principles, and have the intelligence to consider and override whatever initial emotion or opinion, to embrace truth.
And I have no idea why anyone will have a problem with that. But stranger things have happened.
Please read Part 1 for the introduction and explanation on freedom.
Political Ignorance Leads to Political Stupidity
We’re jumping off this definition of Democracy:
Free men and women who willingly agree to a constitution, and who, using their power to educate and vote, passionately participate in the political process, resulting in the fair appointment of representative leaders who have garnered majority of the trust of the people, and who, after the leaders have been sworn in, support these recognized leaders in the building of a better nation, with just as much passion as they applied to supporting their initial candidates and concerns.
I’d like to continue this explanation of Democracy. While I am encouraged by the many questions and clarifications I’ve been asked since I posted my thoughts on this, I have to admit being very disheartened at the general lack of political knowledge and understanding of political systems. The average person I have spoken to has a very shallow understanding of what Democracy is, of how a Democratic government should function, and of their responsibility to protect, promote the ideals of Democracy, which are liberty, equality, and fraternity, and to cultivate thriving lives within this highly empowering framework. And it is an amazing framework of freedom as God intended (liberty), fairness for all under the law (equality), and love for neighbor (fraternity). Yet people don’t understand this. How many of us go about our day deliberately carrying these ideals as principles to live by? How many of us are even aware of them?
Not a lot from my experience.
The fault here lies with our parents (and maybe even their parents) and teachers, who failed to understand and teach the importance of political systems, prioritizing instead educational success, religious observance, and family community, all good things, but incomplete without a strong state to allow them to thrive. If we are highly intelligent but powerless to curb corruption at a state level, our country’s future level of intelligence will suffer without powerful infrastructure (such as schools and fast Internet connections) to not only improve education but provide opportunities for the educated. If we are highly religious, as we supposedly are the only Christian nation in Southeast Asia, but do not allow our supposed belief that God views love of highest value, service as the path to greatness, and that faith without works is dead, then we will have a very prayerful, very devout, very compliant, and very poor, very superstitious, and ultimately, very jaded people – as we do.
I’ll be expounding more on the idea of “education” on the 3rd part of this series. I just needed to express my frustration. If so many people can’t define Democracy, can’t explain how a Democratic government should work, and don’t know the provisions of the Philippine constitution (or at least have an active education on it), then where are all of these opinions coming from? What is the basis of our vote? What is the criteria by which we decide?
The Problem with No Fixed Criteria
If we have a beauty contest, and each judge had his or her own criteria, Judge A saying he is judging on face, legs, and hair, Judge B choosing talent, butt, and smile, Judge C picking answer to question, last name, and friends, Judge D basing his decision on what the other judges say, Judge E choosing the crowd favorite and the one with the most celebrity endorsers, and Judge F praying to God to reveal to him who he should choose, what do you think we’ll end up with? We don’t have a fair contest, and we don’t have an objective winner. This process will not result in an objectively superior winner because the criteria is all different. So what do beauty contests do? They fix the criteria. They say, “Here’s what we’re judging on. Here’s what we mean by beauty. Here’s what you should watch out for. And each criteria has a weight, meaning, they affect the total score differently based on the relevance and importance of the criteria. The person with the best total score, wins.” Without an agreement on the criteria there will be no objective way of sussing out who really should lead.
In choosing political leaders, we, you and I, are the judge, and we judge by voting. But by what criteria should we judge? From my observations, seems like my illustration above explains very well the state of voting in the country: different people using different sets of criteria.
There is no agreement on the criteria of what makes a great leader for a Democratic country like the Philippines in our current context. This leads to some very weird, unintelligent, and unprincipled reasons to why we choose certain candidates. Even the answer, “I know him or her. I know that he or she is from a good family.” Doesn’t actually answer the question, “Will this person make a good leader?” completely, when there should be more reasons to choose a leader beyond what we know about them. There are a lot of people I know a lot about who I will never wish to lead me.
No principled criteria leads to unprincipled choices.
The Importance of Agreement (and the Constitution)
I’ve only been recently made aware of the power and the importance of a constitution from my reading on the founding fathers of the United States. A constitution is an agreement between free people (or chosen representatives of free people) on the fundamental principles (there’s that word again) that will govern the nation. Without it, there is no common ground for people to build a nation on. More than a piece of paper, it is a document of power, and imbues what is basically a made-up idea, the state, with legitimacy and abilities.
A good way to illustrate this is the paper money in your wallet. At its most basic it is a piece of paper. But because it has the stamp of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, we can all now trust the value that’s printed on it. If I cut up pieces of paper and put P1,000,000 on them, I could not use them to buy anything. But because a trusted body, imbued with the power to issue currency, made them, we now all trust and operate using these pieces of paper. And who gave the bank power to do this? The Nation of the Philippines. We, through our representative leaders, agreed to empowering the bank to produce and manage the currency by which we transact. And what gives the Nation of the Philippines the power to imbue such power on a financial body (or any body for that matter)? The agreement by which we, as a people, embraced and committed to uphold. What is this agreement? It’s the constitution.
While we use paper money every day, very few of us understand that the only reason why we’re able to transact with it is because of the value it has been given through the power of a central bank, which was empowered by a nation, created through an agreement on principles of free people.
That idea blows me away. That because of this idea of agreement, people can come together and literally make something up from no physical raw material, and simply concepts and ideas, that may benefit a greater number of people. This is the power of agreement. When we say, “I will live by these same principles” we create a strong foundation by which great things can be built. This is why agreement is so important, but more than even agreement, this is why principles are so important, because these are things we are agreeing on.
The principles are things we are agreeing will judge the decision making of our government, and what should judge our individual decision making when choosing who to govern us. But what principles should we apply? The first set of principles are what I’ll call Public Principles, these are principles agreed to by the public, or in other words, the Philippine Constitution. It doesn’t matter so much what I think, in order to be a good Filipino, in order to be of benefit to the state, I need to understand, protect, and promote this public agreement in order to live in healthy community with other Filipinos, who, should also be doing the same – though this is unlikely as most people don’t even know they should be doing this. The first step here is to get a copy of the constitution, which is available online, and read it. I’ve been reading it section by section every day to learn it better. It’s not hard. If we have time for Facebook or karaoke, we should have time for our country. If you’re too lazy to do it, it simply means you don’t understand its importance, and whatever love you may feel for the country is mostly an emotional reaction to something you actually don’t understand.
There’s also Private Principles, principles that the public may not agree with but are part of our decision-making. For me, my faith informs these principles immensely, not so much that I vote based on religion (which I think isn’t wise), more on how I view humanity and the biblical ideas of community and society. Let me give you an example, in the Christian faith, we believe that God is a god of love, that this is the most important thing in the world. We understand that God’s idea of love is for us to receive His love through what Jesus did on the cross, where He sacrificed His life for us, and that we are called to do the same for others by sacrificing ourselves in service for others. So as a Filipino, I need to understand the Philippine Constitution, but as a Christian Filipino, I also need to have principles that are consistent with promoting God’s love, one of them being the essentiality of freedom. Because if I believe that love is most important, I need to understand that an important condition for love to take place is the freedom to choose (and not choose). If someone “loved” me because they didn’t have a choice, would that be love? Nope. That would be programing. If someone “loved” me because they would be killed if they didn’t, would that be love? Nope. That’s coercion. If someone “loved” me because they were bribed, would that be loved? Nope. That’s prostitution. Love is someone choosing me over them. For someone to choose me, they need to have the freedom to not choose me as well. So as a Christian, the idea of trampling on agreed principles in order to achieve ends is a violation of my core belief in a God of love, and of freedom being a God-given condition in order for love to be possible.
How I Chose My Criteria
Other than improving our understanding of the constitution (since, as I mentioned, is the original basis agreement by which to hold the government and would-be officials to), when choosing criteria, we need to think about values, in other words, we need to think about what outcome do we want. In the beauty pageant example, the organizers first answer the question, “What do we want to achieve?” and the answer may be simply, “We want a contest to discover who the most beautiful woman in the wold for this year is.” This leads to other questions, “What do we mean by beauty? Is it simply looks? Is it talent? Is it intelligence?” After this, based on what is important to beauty, they can now make their criteria, which the judges can now look out for when making their decisions.
So the first step in choosing criteria is knowing what outcome you want. I’m surprised that very few people have thought this out deeply because it’s actually a very obvious step. An easy way to start this is to think about 3 major issues that rank highest in terms of importance to you. For me, justice, the economy, and education rank high because it is in line with my life purpose of serving the poor and the unjustly treated.
Second, after knowing what issues matter most to me, I need to study and understand deeply the factors that contribute to addressing these issues. For example, let’s take justice. Justice suffers when the law is not applied fairly, consistently, and universally. So in order to for this issue to be addressed, a leader must be someone who is in a good position and has the ability to apply the law fairly, consistently, and universally. So how can I vote anyone, or even consider voting anyone, who has shown unfair application of justice (for example, by being corrupt) , inconsistent adherence to justice (for example, doing unjust things to provide justice for others), and has not universally applied it (for example treating relatives better)? Doing so would be illogical. If I have important issues, why would I vote people who are incapable of addressing these issues?
Step 3, after I know the factors that affect the issues important to me, I need to match the issues, the factors, and the capabilities of the candidate, and when I say capable, I don’t mean a catch-all idea of “smart” or “connected” or “can get things done”. That’s too broad. Let’s take business for example. We get a lot of ideas presented to us, but we don’t just invest because the team is smart. We also check if they can execute their smarts. We don’t just check if someone has a network, we also check if their network can be trusted. We don’t just check if someone can get things done, we also check if they have integrity. What if they can get things done but it’s because they have a low moral compass. It’s easy to make things happen without the encumbrance of moral principles, but it’s not what leads to lasting success.
For example, if I want justice, a candidate who can execute justice effectively is very very attractive to me, BUT I must check if justice was served justly (meaning it’s served according to the constitution), because if it isn’t, then it is not justice. If I think it is, than I am ignorant and an enabler of injustice towards another, because I did not take the time to deepen my understanding of an issue I claim to be important to me.
Let’s say helping the poor, if I vote a candidate who claims to have come from poor roots, or claims to understand the poor, yet has historically taken more for himself than he has given, than I am a fool. Because poverty isn’t caused by lack but by greed. Those who have less but are content don’t feel poor and don’t cause others to be poor. It’s those who want more and more and more who feel they need more and who actually take more. Again, I am defeating an issue that I claimed to be important to me.
If I say education is important to me, yet I don’t think about things like “How is education changing? What are the most competitive subjects? How is technology affecting the type of education a person needs?” then I’ll be drawn to promises like, “I’ll build 1000 schools!” without really knowing if the country needs 1000 schools or a new educational paradigm. What if those 1000 schools suck?
I can go on and on about issues and how a shallow understanding of issues will lead to seemingly smart but ultimately illogical choices. While there is no perfect candidate as there is no perfect person, we at least need to choose the best option, and the best option is not product of personal bias (which happens when we choose based on a shallow understanding) but on as much verifiable data as possible.
So the 3-step process is this:
Should I Vote Someone Who Will Lose?
I remember when I was a child, talking to a relative of mine who I actually thought was pretty smart. I asked him who he was going to vote, and he said he liked a candidate but was giving his vote to another candidate because the person whose platform he agreed with wasn’t going to win. I didn’t think much about it then, but I remembered it when I was asked “Should I vote someone even if they’ll lose?”
My answer to this is what I’ve been explaining throughout this whole article: What’s your criteria? Is your criteria “Who will win?” or is it your principles?
It doesn’t matter who else is voting them, or whether they’re popular, or even whether they’ll win. The principled decision is the decision based on a thorough understanding of my personal values, the issues important to me, the factors affecting these issues, and the ability of the candidate to effectively address these factors. This is a very simple concept but takes discipline and study.
It’s been said that Democracy isn’t a system for the ignorant, the foolish, and the uneducated (education is used as a broad term for being knowledgable, not having a degree), but let me add to this, Democracy is not a system for the lazy, particularly intellectually lazy people.
As I study about the political process, as I pray, one of the most important questions to consistently ask God is, “Will this please You?” I don’t how many times I’ve done incredibly stupid things simply because I didn’t prioritize God’s happiness. These are the sources of my regrets. As we participate in this national exercise, let’s remember that God’s not going to ask us, “Did your vote win?” He will look where He always looks, are hearts, and the question of the heart is always, “Did you love?” “Did you love your countrymen by laying down some time to learn, to understand, to choose wisely what’s good for the country? Did you love Me by the candidates you chose? Or did you love yourself by prioritizing your own hopes and fears?”
Every day I am faced with deciding between what I desire and what my principles call for. Many times I fail this. It’s not an easy decision because many times what I want, including valid, beautiful, unselfish dreams, are at odds with what my principles call for the moment. For example, I want to have successful businesses, and it is this desire to do well here that can be used against me when doing well means sacrificing a principle. So what do I do? Do I allow my dream to take a hit or do my principles suffer when they’re needed most? This is especially hard for my big dreams, my big goals, and things I’ve been working and waiting a long time to be fulfilled.
Heres what I’ve found: every time I allow my principles to take a hit for my dream, it gets easier to rationalize the means for the ends. And the end result is always disappointing. Always. Yet every time I lay my desire down, when I lift up my dreams to God, and choose the principle, the momentary disappointment, the momentary suffering, gives way to something more glorious than what I originally desired.
I have dreams for the Philippines. As a man about to start a family, I dream of a safe, thriving, and united country. Listening to all the promises thrown, it’s easy to be swayed one way or the other. But I must look beyond the man and see his principles. I must hear beyond words and listen to his principles. And I must check whether their principles match my own reflected and defined principles. Why? Because principles are the building blocks of sustainable success. Without principles, there is no foundation to build on. If my desire for a better country, causes me to sacrifice my principles, than I should not be surprised when the world I helped bring about lacks them. I should not be surprised when men and women drop their principles for their desires because I did the same when I rationalied my principles away for my dream of a better Philippines.
What is a principle? It is not merely something I agree with. It is not merely something that feels nice or resonates with me. It is a foundational truth by which I base my ideas and actions on. I’ve made the mistake of thinking what “I believe” is automatically a principle. That was a shallow understanding. A principle must be rooted in undeniable truths (such as the constitution for guiding national decisions). This is why they’re not so easy to come by as most do not take the time to root them. But this is also why, once rooted, they are a strong foundation.
I won’t be using whatever small platform I have to tell you who to vote. You have a brain. Use it. Use it to define your principles. Use it to deeply understand your candidates principles. And use it to override whatever emotional instinct, whatever euphoria, whatever feelings of fear and desire, to choose a candidate that promotes these principles.
Note: Photo is actually the U.S. Constitution